Remove the plant from the pot, clean off the soil and wash off the bugs. You can also use ant baits near your plants to draw the ants away from your plant. If you the infestation is worse, you might want to repot your entire plant. Posted by Jenn Slim | All, Bugs, how to, pots, Problems and Solutions. Repeat the treatment about once a week or as needed until the problem is resolved. Having your beloved plants infested by pests can be disheartening and overwhelming, especially if you are the type of person who does not like bugs to begin with. These insects like to eat the sap of succulents, damaging the plants and making them susceptible to diseases. But sooner or later your plants start showing signs that there’s something wrong. If the black-spotted part is dry, it is most likely … If the infestation is serious, start over---with squeaky-clean cuttings from existing succulents or new plants altogether---in a different location. Mealybugs, mites and aphids feed on succulent leaves, leaving small patches of dead tissue that eventually form sooty black mold. Red apple ice plant that has succumbed to mildew. Spray the solution onto infested areas and the undersides of the leaves. You can treat scales the similarly as you would with mealybugs. Some people like to dilute the alcohol with water, about half strength. The fungus gnats stick to these pads and may help lessen the problem as you deal with the source of infestation. Mealybugs, spider mites and aphids feed on succulent leaves, leaving little areas of dead tissue that then grow sooty black mold. Remedy: Use a cotton swab or Q-tip dipped in rubbing alcohol and apply directly on the bugs and anywhere you see the white cottony substance. Black Spots. Unfortunately, these bugs do not disappear that easily and it may take a few treatments to get rid of the problem. A thin-skinned succulent (Glottyphyllum linguiforme) shows pitting from hail. Aphids suck on the plant’s tissues, causing the plant to have misshapen leaves and stunted growth. Opuntia paddles infested with scale insects. Repeat the treatment about once a week as needed until the problem is resolved. Ants are found everywhere in nature so they should be harmless on succulents right? If you water your succulents too much, or if the soil is constantly moist, the gnats will be attracted to it and will start breeding. If the infestation is very bad and pesticides are needed, take caution when handling these chemicals as they are harmful to other organisms and they can be absorbed through our skin. Spray onto infested areas and undersides of the leaves. Black spots are generally caused by over-watering, sunburn, or sometimes bugs. Some people have had success with neem oil in treating scales. Leaves falling off succulent: You gently touch or bump your succulent and the next thing you know half of it's leaves have fallen off. They may be effective in killing the pest. Oh, No! Or they can also be easily purchased from Amazon online. These are small insects with fat, teardrop-shaped bodies. Spider mites are very small and often go undetected for a long time. Introducing pesticides may destroy the health and balance of the plant’s ecosystem. They also expel a lot of sugary white substance or honeydew, as they feed. A paddle cactus (Opuntia sp.) Spray the plant with rubbing alcohol or soapy water. Remedy: Blast the flies off with water to remove some of the flies. Spray directly onto affected areas where you see the mealybugs and white fluff. Echeverias show stretched growth indicative of too little light (etiolation), Leggy, leafless stems are a normal growth pattern for many succulents, including Aeonium 'Zwartkop'. The most common reason for brown or dark spots on the leaves leaves on your succulents is sun damage or sunburn. Not only that, but they are also harmful to pollinators like bees. Pesticides kill not  just pests, but most bugs and beneficial insects. Clean off the soil and wash off the bugs from the roots. For a natural remedy, sprinkle cinnamon powder on top of your potting mix. If it’s a really bad infestation, you might want to take into consideration the amount of time and energy it would take to get rid of the infestation vs. getting rid of the infested plant and purchasing a new one. They come in a variety of colors, from green being the most common. Luckily, succulents are fairly affordable and accessible so replenishing your plant collection will not be too costly. Repeat the treatment about once a week as needed until the problem is resolved. Ladybugs can be purchased from gardening and farming equipment suppliers and may be found in your local nursery. The most common one is the black spots on the leaves or even on the stems. At the first sign of infestation, spray your collection with Isopropyl 70% (the standard solution). If the black spots are dry, it’s most likely caused by sunburn. Your plant will not be harmed while killing the bugs with this method. They are tiny, elliptical insects about 2-3 millimeters long, gray or light brown in color. Common Problems with Succulents and How to Fix Them, Aeoniums Care, Propagation and Growing Tips, How To Save An Overwatered Succulent Plant. To assess what causes the problem, touch the leaves. Try using a few drops of soap in 2 cups of water and shake to mix well. If you tend to plants, you will naturally encounter insects. This can happen if the plant is exposed to unfiltered full sun or if the plant is recently moved to a sunny location without acclimatizing the plant first. This sugary substance can encourage the growth of black sooty mold. There are three major causes of black spots: sunburn, overwatering, and insects. If the infestation is very bad and pesticides are needed, take caution when handling these chemicals as they are harmful to other organisms and they can be absorbed through our skin. Let the plant dry for a few days and then re-pot in a fresh potting mix that is well draining and suitable for cacti and succulents. Spray the plant with rubbing alcohol or soapy water. LeadCamp, Inc also participates in affiliate programs with Walmart, Bluehost, Clickbank, CJ, ShareASale, and other sites. If you see small, brown bumps on your succulent, then you may have a scale problem. Examine the stem for any black/blue spots. to see how I dealt with a recent pest infestation on my aeoniums. I like to think of pesticidal spray and insecticides as a last resort. These pests can go undetected at first because they are tiny, or they may be hiding under your plants, and sometimes in the roots. Scrape off or spray off any visible bugs from your plants. It will take a few treatments to get rid of the problem. My own experience with pests is not anywhere close to nightmarish, but a few of my plants have been affected by bugs and pest infestations. Aloe nobilis showing greater and lesser sun exposure, Dead, dry lower leaves are normal on dudleyas and other rosette succulents, Leaves of these Agave attenuata plants were eaten by deer. You can also use one of those yellow sticky insect pads. Spray directly onto affected areas. The most popular insect  to introduce is ladybugs. Damaged leaf tips of this Aloe brevifolia colony were caused by rabbits. my video, "Agave Snout Weevil Prevention and Treatment", How to Stress Succulents (And Why You Should), “What You MUST know about Century Plants”, How to Redo an Overgrown Succulent Garden, Cochineal Scale on Paddle Cactus, What To Do, Agave Snout Weevil Prevention and Treatment. To get rid of them from the roots, you need to treat the plant and remove the it from the pot. You can see whiteflies flying from the underside of the leaves when an infested plant is shaken. This site is owned and operated by LeadCamp, Inc. LeadCamp, Inc is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Some people like to dilute the alcohol with water, about half strength. This is a classic early warning sign of over watering. While fungus gnats are not as harmful to your plants as other pests, they can still be a pain to deal with and to get rid of. They may be effective in killing the pests on your plants, but they also kill beneficial bugs and predators that are necessary for your plants to maintain a healthy ecosystem. You can also treat the plant with a mixture of soapy water. This Kalanchoe synsepala, a tropical succulent, has sunburned patches on its leaves. Check indoor plants weekly. 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