Spotlight News Analysis by All India Radio-UPSC. India’s claim line is the line seen in the official boundary marked on the maps as released by the Survey of India, including both Aksai Chin and Gilgit-Baltistan. The term is said to have been used by Zhou Enlai in a 1959 letter to Jawaharlal Nehru. The alignment of the LAC in the eastern sector is along the 1914 McMahon Line, and there are minor disputes about the positions on the ground as per the principle of the high Himalayan watershed. Because the nature of the terrain, deployment, and infrastructure and connectivity asymmetries in the border areas continue to be so starkly in China’s favour that it is clear that the Chinese are in no hurry to settle the boundary question. (Current Affairs for UPSC/IAS) - Duration: 40:25. Unfortunately, these are deeply flawed agreements and make the quest for settlement of the boundary question at best a strategic illusion and at worst a cynical diplomatic parlour trick. What is this ‘line of control’? It is delineated on a map signed by DGMOs of both armies and has the international sanctity of a legal agreement. India considers Johnson Line as a correct, rightful national border with China, while on the other hand, China considers the McDonald Line as the correct border with India. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) lies east of the confluence of the Galwan and Shyok rivers in the valley, up to which both India and China have been patrolling in recent years. This map, as is officially used till date, formed the basis of dealings with China, eventually leading to the 1962 War. During the Doklam crisis in 2017, the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson urged India to abide by the “1959 LAC”. India formally accepted the concept of the LAC in 1993 and the two sides signed the Agreement to Maintain Peace and Tranquillity at the LAC. Even during the war, Nehru was unequivocal: “There is no sense or meaning in the Chinese offer to withdraw twenty kilometres from what they call ‘line of actual control’. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, formed after the 1962 war. But why are these claim lines controversial in Ladakh? Here’s how. LAC is different from the Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan: The LoC emerged from the 1948 ceasefire line negotiated by the United Nations (UN) after the Kashmir War. India’s objection, as described by Menon, was that the Chinese line “was a disconnected series of points on a map that could be joined up in many ways; the line should omit gains from aggression in 1962 and therefore should be based on the actual position on September 8, 1962 before the Chinese attack; and the vagueness of the Chinese definition left it open for China to continue its creeping attempt to change facts on the ground by military force”. In China’s case, it corresponds mostly to its claim line, but in the eastern sector, it claims entire Arunachal Pradesh as South Tibet. Line of Actual Control by Team NEXT IAS June 3, 2020 June 3, 2020 In News- The Indian and Chinese Army has been engaged in a tense stand-off since the start of May along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) , in the Himalayan region of Ladakh, which has the potential to … To reconcile the differences about some areas, the two countries agreed that the Joint Working Group on the border issue would take up the task of clarifying the alignment of the LAC. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a notional demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the Sino-Indian border dispute. New maps should be printed showing our Northern and North Eastern frontier without any reference to any ‘line’. As tensions continue between India and China along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), a look at what the line means on the ground and the disagreements over it: What is the Line of Actual Control? Latest Current Affairs in about Line of Actual Control.

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