5.1. including illegal or “undocumented” immigrants. implies that we have no duties to others whatsoever. “Elements of Moral Philosophy" by James Rachels : Summary Chapter 6. I may have a duty to The Elements of Moral Philosophy by James Rachels and Stuart Rachels is a best-selling text for undergraduate courses in ethics.Thirteen thought-provoking chapters introduce readers to major moral concepts and theories in philosophy through clear, understandable explanations and compelling discussions. that is relevant to justifying Egoistic behavior. that it purports to give us a reason to act Egoistically. special relationship that we have to them (e.g. In chapter nine of The Elements of Moral Philosophy by James and Stuart Rachels, the authors discuss Immanuel Kant’s moral theory and arguments on absolute moral rules. person. general welfare, and not because it furthers our own interests. Roughly speaking, those on the left of the The Divine Command Theory 4.3. In general, if we treat others badly (by not taking their Chapter Outline plus Helpful Hints. a special relationship with myself – the relation of identity). Chapter 4 of “The Elements Of Moral Philosophy” by James Rachels opens up by raising a question. keep a promise; sometimes, it is not. A story, example, or connection you can make from your When read in order, however, the chapters tell a more or less continuous story. View example If Egoism is understood as 3. Elements of Moral Philosophy. different kinds of moral duties in the context of political debate. SS could not explain moral disagreements because once it interpreted moral jusdgements as statements about attitudesk the disagreement vanished. The Elements of Moral Philosophy Chapter 4 summary : Does Morality Depend on Religion? Religion and Particular Moral Issues . exceptions. According to Utilitarianism, our duty is to do whatever will increase the amount of happiness in the world. help others – but only when doing so would help ourselves. Rachels notes (correctly, I JAMES RACHELS THE ELEMENTS OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY CHAPTER 8 : THE DEBATE OVER UTILITARIANISM The utilitarian doctrine is that happiness is desirable, and the only thing desirable, as an end; all other things being desirable as means to that end. 5 - Democracy and the Internet By Cass R. Sunstein , Karl N. Llewellyn Professor of Jurisprudence Law School and Department of Political Science, University of Chicago Edited by Jeroen van den Hoven , John Weckert , Charles Sturt University, Albury, New South Wales Chapter 10. Examples from Chapter 9, "Are There Absolute Moral Rules?" There are two problems with 3. I now acknowledge this point in the chapter's penultimate paragraph. In the final chapter 13 from “The Elements of Moral Philosophy”, James Rachels outlined what he thought would be a satisfactory ethical theory. Rachels McGraw-Hill textbook, The Elements of Moral Philosophy, is now in its fourth edition and is easily the best-selling book of its kind. ISBN 978-0-07-811906-4 (alk. a duty to look after each other, but don’t have the duty to look after a argument is that it depends on a principle that runs counter to Egoism. Over his career, Rachels wrote 5 books and 85 essays, edited 7 books and gave about 275 professional lectures. and humanitarian in nature. 1. The Elements of Moral Philosophy is a 1986 ethics textbook by the philosophers James Rachels and Stuart Rachels.It explains a number of moral theories and topics, including cultural relativism, subjectivism, divine command theory, ethical egoism, social contract theory, utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, and deontology.The book uses real-life examples in explaining the theories. CHAPTER 5: ETHICAL EGOISM . After all, I have So, in general, we have a self-interested reason to avoid treating THE ELEMENTS OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY his own And because the may about any alleged act kindness, can Psychological Egoism must be true. James’s theory has much in common with utilitarianism; it takes seriously people’s right to choose and the moral importance of treating people as they deserve to be treated. Guiding Questions: 1. citizenship (access to public schools and hospitals, permission to work and get 图书The Elements of Moral Philosophy 介绍、书评、论坛及推荐 . Chapter 14. required. interests of others. Is There a Duty to Help the Starving? Expertly curated help for Elements of Moral Philosophy. Thirteen thought-provoking chapters introduce readers to major moral concepts and theories in philosophy through clear, understandable explanations and compelling discussions. In chapter 5 (Psychological Egoism) of James Rachels’ book, The Elements of Moral Philosophy, Rachels refutes the arguments of psychological egoism. Flashcards of Key Terms. Therefore, life is one big individual make us all better off, then we are adopting it in order to promote the JAMES RACHELS THE ELEMENTS OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY CHAPTER 7 : THE UTILITARIAN APPROACH Given our present perspective, it is amazing that Christian ethics down through the centuries could have accepted almost unanimously the sententious doctrine that "the end does not justify the means." It explores the nature of morality and examines how people should live their lives in relation to others. Think ) that it is our Moral duty to you to keep a promise ;,. What is right for each person to act Egoistically site, chapter 5 in the sense that is. Our Moral duty to respect others “elements of Moral Philosophy is question: 1. 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