Parasitol.Res 2008;102(3):555-559. Danesi, F., Elementi, S., Neri, R., Maranesi, M., D'Antuono, L. F., and Bordoni, A. View abstract. Phasomkusolsil, S. and Soonwera, M. Insect repellent activity of medicinal plant oils against Aedes aegypti (Linn. Genus: Ocimum Tulsi is considered to be an adaptogen, balancing different processes in the body, and helpful for adapting to stress. Basil is originally native to India and other tropical regions of Asia. Phytother.Res 2007;21(4):354-361. Varney, E. and Buckle, J. 2007;98(1):198-201. Most commonly this is done with strawberries, but also raspberries or dark-colored plums. View abstract. View abstract. View abstract. Although basil will grow best outdoors, it can be grown indoors in a pot. Basil is still considered the "king of herbs" by many cookery authors. View abstract. View abstract. Family: Lamiaceae It has round oval shaped leaves which are up to 5 cm long. Tulsi contains hundreds of beneficial compounds and possess strong antioxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, adaptogenic and immune enhancing properties. 2008;45(3-4):219-228. How to Plant Basil. J Agric.Food Chem. J Appl Toxicol 2004;24(4):289-296. View abstract. View abstract. Effect of various essential oils on Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Pavela, R. Larvicidal effects of various Euro-Asiatic plants against Culex quinquefasciatus Say larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). and its possible mechanism of action. A tomato plant (center) growing alongside basil. 2007;45(3):440-447. Zheljazkov, V. D., Callahan, A., and Cantrell, C. L. Yield and oil composition of 38 basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) accessions grown in Mississippi. The most commonly used Mediterranean basil cultivars are "Genovese", "Purple Ruffles", "Mammoth", "Cinnamon", "Lemon", "Globe", and "African Blue". Basil is originally native to India and other tropical regions of Asia.It has been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years. 1st ed. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for basil. View abstract. 2018 Jun;127:173-178. Sakkas H, Papadopoulou C. Antimicrobial activity of basil, oregano, and thyme essential oils. View abstract. Estragole. This plant plays a therapeutic role in Tamil and Ayurvedic medicines, which are predominantly practiced in Southeast Asia. Ahmadifard M, Yarahmadi S, Ardalan A, Ebrahimzadeh F, Bahrami P, Sheikhi E. The Efficacy of Topical Basil Essential Oil on Relieving Migraine Headaches: A Randomized Triple-Blind Study. In Northern Europe, the northern states of the U.S., and the South Island of New Zealand it will grow best if sown under glass in a peat pot. genovese gigante. Nat.Prod.Commun. Biomedica. Some people say that the flat-leaf basil used in Vietnamese cooking is more suitable for use with fruit. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. There are many rituals and beliefs associated with basil. In Boccaccio's Decameron a memorably morbid tale (novella V) tells of Lisabetta, whose brothers slay her lover. Amrani, S., Harnafi, H., Gadi, D., Mekhfi, H., Legssyer, A., Aziz, M., Martin-Nizard, F., and Bosca, L. Vasorelaxant and anti-platelet aggregation effects of aqueous Ocimum basilicum extract. Basil is sometimes used with fresh fruit and in fruit jams and sauces. Contact Dermatitis 2010;63(6):365-7. CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: It reduces blood cholesterol levels. View abstract. [Effectiveness of antimicrobial formulations for acne based on orange (Citrus sinensis) and sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L) essential oils]. Picking the leaves off the plant helps "promote growth", largely because the plant responds by converting pairs of leaflets next to the topmost leaves into new stems. Uncontrolled Blood Sugar: How Dangerous Is It? J.Microbiol.Methods 2003;54(1):105-110. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. Dorman, H. J. and Hiltunen, R. Ocimum basilicum L.: phenolic profile and antioxidant-related activity. Tulsi has been used for thousands of years in Ayurveda for its diverse healing properties. Li, Z., Wang, X., Chen, F., and Kim, H. J. Basil plants can even be grown in a basement, under fluorescent lights. J Ethnopharmacol. In India, they place it in the mouth of the dying to ensure they reach God. View abstract. It should be kept away from extremely cold drafts. They are used for their medicinal properties in Ayurveda, the traditional medicinal system of India. These can be saved and planted the following year. Most of the time, Basil should be used fresh. View abstract. Overview Information Basil is an herb. If a stem successfully produces mature flowers, leaf production slows or stops on any stem which flowers, the stem becomes woody, and essential oil production declines.To prevent this, a basil-grower may pinch off any flower stems before they are fully mature. View abstract. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse Corp., 1999. Murugan, K., Murugan, P., and Noortheen, A. Larvicidal and repellent potential of Albizzia amara Boivin and Ocimum basilicum Linn against dengue vector, Aedes aegypti (Insecta:Diptera:Culicidae). ), Anopheles minimus (Theobald) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say based on protection time and biting rate. Miele, M., Ledda, B., Falugi, C., and Mazzei, M. Methyleugenol and eugenol variation in Ocimum basilicum cv. Seedlings may also be killed by Pythium damping off. Selected terpenes from leaves of Ocimum basilicum L. induce hemoglobin accumulation in human K562 cells. It will need regular watering, but not as much attention as is needed in other climates. View abstract. 2002;90(4):453-460. Chemical changes and overexpressed genes in sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) upon methyl jasmonate treatment. J Med.Food 2009;12(6):1213-1220. Tulsi’s extracts are used in ayurvedic remedies for common colds, headaches, stomach disorders, inflammation, heart disease, various forms of poisoning, and malaria. For larger varieties, plant farther apart (about 16 to 24 inches). Toxicol Appl.Pharmacol 6-1-2010;245(2):179-190. If its leaves have wilted from lack of water, it will recover if watered thoroughly and placed in a sunny location. Jewish folklore suggests it adds strength while fasting. 1999;37(3):253-257. Complement Med Res. 1999;47(11):4777-4781. Phytomedicine. It is a symbol of love in present-day Italy, but represented hatred in ancient Greece, and European lore sometimes claims that basil is a symbol of Satan. 2006;29(5):1269-1278. Its seeds are flat. 2007;116(3):283-290. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) (IPA: ['beɪzəl] or IPA: ['bæzəl]) is a plant of the Family Lamiaceae. Southeast Asian J Trop.Med.Public Health 2010;41(4):831-840. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using. 2008;99(16):7897-7901. View abstract. View abstract. View abstract. View abstract. They are white in color and arranged as a spike. Yamasaki, K., Nakano, M., Kawahata, T., Mori, H., Otake, T., Ueba, N., Oishi, I., Inami, R., Yamane, M., Nakamura, M., Murata, H., and Nakanishi, T. Anti-HIV-1 activity of herbs in Labiatae. View abstract. It is widely used in Indonesia, where it is called kemangi and served raw, together with raw cabbage, green beans, and cucumber, as an accompaniment to fried fish or duck. Fitoterapia 2000;71(6):725-729. View abstract. 2010;5(1):65-72. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. Yun, Y. S., Nakajima, Y., Iseda, E., and Kunugi, A. Division: Magnoliophyta Sore Throat: Water boiled with basil leaves can be taken as drink in case of sore throat. When soaked in water the seeds of several basil varieties become gelatinous. J Agric.Food Chem 8-14-2002;50(17):4947-4952. A common foliar disease of basil is gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea, can also cause infections post-harvest and is capable of killing the entire plant. Holy Basil, also called 'Tulsi', is highly revered in Hinduism and also has religious significance in the Greek Orthodox Church, where it is used to prepare holy water. (check all that apply). View abstract. Benedec, D., Parvu, A. E., Oniga, I., Toiu, A., and Tiperciuc, B. The eye disorders like night blindness or sore eyes can also be cured using this herb. Renzulli, C., Galvano, F., Pierdomenico, L., Speroni, E., and Guerra, M. C. Effects of rosmarinic acid against aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin-A-induced cell damage in a human hepatoma cell line (Hep G2). Fitoterapia 2004;75(7-8):745-749. We currently have no information for BASIL Interactions. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you. Determination of antioxidant and radical scavenging activity of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. Family Lamiaceae) assayed by different methodologies. View abstract. Iyer, L. V., Ho, M. N., Shinn, W. M., Bradford, W. W., Tanga, M. J., Nath, S. S., and Green, C. E. Glucuronidation of 1'-hydroxyestragole (1'-HE) by human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases UGT2B7 and UGT1A9.

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